For computers, mobile phones, tablets, and other similar electronic devices to work, a programming language is necessary that tells them the commands and allows them to complete different activities. There are several types and features of programming languages depending on their philosophy and objectives.
Throughout this post, we will reveal a detailed classification of programming languages, with their features and differences that distinguish them from each other. In addition, you will discover which is the best language for web programming. Are you ready? There is no time to lose. Here are the Types and Features programming Languages you should know.
WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE?
A programming language consists of a vocabulary containing a set of grammatical rules intended to convey instructions to a computer or computing device to perform specific tasks. Each programming language has a unique set of keywords along with a special syntax to organize the software’s instructions.
There are low-level and high-level programming languages which, although simple compared to human languages, are more complex than machine languages. Low-level languages include assembly and machine languages. An assembly language contains a list of basic instructions and is much harder to read than a high-level language.
High-level languages, on the other hand, are designed to be easy to read and understand, allowing programmers to write source codes naturally, using logical words and symbols. Throughout the evolution of computers, hundreds of different programming languages have been created for various types of development.
The field of programming is very wide, so the use of a particular language will depend on the objectives to be achieved. Logical, isn’t it?
The following activities can be performed:
- Programs and applications development.
- Artificial intelligence development.
- Database development.
- Video game development.
- Development of drivers and hardware interface.
- Internet and web pages development.
- Script development.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NATURAL LANGUAGE AND PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
Natural language is the language spoken by people, while programming language is intended for machines. Both languages present important similarities, such as the differentiation they make between syntax and semantics, their purpose to communicate and the existence of a basic composition on both.