Dementia refers to a group of symptoms that can range from memory loss to impaired thinking and problem-solving abilities that usually affects people in old age. Dementia is a general disease. That said, it can be caused by other illnesses. It is not a specific or single disease, rather consists of many other medical conditions. Alzheimers is the most common cause of progressive dementia.
As of now, there is no real cure for dementia, however, scientific finding suggests it can be detected early. This not only helps us be aware of the possible condition, but also pushes us to strengthen our brain health and defences.
Early Diagnosis Is Important, Signs to Watch Out For
When it comes to dementia, it is impossible to tell who is more prone to the illness. However, a study involving over 2,000 people showed that memory and thinking tests can reveal differences in people who go on to develop Alzheimer’s disease up to 18 years before diagnosis.
As per the test that was completed 13 to 18 years before the study ended, it was found that a lower score in cognitive tests was linked to an 85 percent higher risk of possible dementia. This also indicates that the development of Alzheimer’s disease may start many years before diagnosis. These early signs of dementia are:
1. Memory loss
Memory loss is a common symptom of dementia. A person with dementia may find it difficult to recall information they have recently learned, such as dates or events, or new information. They may find they rely on friends and family or other memory aids for keeping track of things. Most people occasionally forget things more frequently as they age. They can usually can recall them later if their memory loss is age-related and not due to dementia.
2. Difficulty planning or solving problems
A person with dementia may find it difficult to follow a plan, such as a recipe when cooking, or directions when driving. Problem-solving may also get more challenging, such as when adding up numbers to paying bills.
3. Difficulty doing familiar tasks
A person with dementia may find it difficult to complete tasks they regularly do, such as changing settings on a television, operating a computer, making a cup of tea, or getting to a familiar location. This difficulty with familiar tasks could happen at home or work.
4. Being confused about time or place
Dementia can make it hard to judge the passing of time. People may also forget where they are at any time. They may find it hard to understand events in the future or the past and may struggle with dates.
5. Challenges understanding visual information
Visual information can be challenging for a person with dementia. It can be hard to read, to judge distances, or work out the differences between colors. Someone who usually drives or cycles may start to find these activities challenging.