WHAT CONSTITUES HIGH CHOLESTEROL?
When it comes to measuring your levels, a combined HDL and LDL reading of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) is considered a healthy range for most adults. Conversely, a combined reading that falls between 200 and 239 mg/dL is borderline high. A combined reading of 240 mg/dL or above is considered very high and should be brought under control as soon as possible. In all cases, however, LDL cholesterol levels should be under 100 mg/dL.
COMMON RISK FACTORS FOR ELEVATED CHOLESTEROL LEVELS
Although a poor diet can lead to a dangerous elevation, it is not the only contributing factor. Additional risk factors include
- Consuming a diet high in saturated fat
- Having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher
- Having a large waist size
- Leading a sedentary lifestyle
- Consuming excessive amounts of alcohol
- If you have diabetes
- If you have a family history of heart disease
SYMPTOMS OF ELEVATED CHOLESTEROL
When it comes to symptoms of elevated cholesterol in the blood, there are very few if any. However, excessive cholesterol levels can ultimately give way to heart disease, which can trigger a variety of symptoms, including
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
1. MONOUNSATURATED FATS
One of the best ways to get higher levels under control is by consuming foods rich in monounsaturated fats. These particular fats are found in olive oil, canola oil, avocados, nuts, and other foods. They work to harmful low-density lipoprotein (LDL) while helping to protect healthful high-density lipoprotein (HDL).