The American Museum of Natural History in New York City is celebrating a big anniversary this month. The museum was officially created 150 years ago on April 6 – almost exactly one year before another New York museum, the Met, was incorporated. What started out as the brainchild of a 19th-century naturalist named Albert Smith Bickmore has gone on to become a major hub of education, research, and innovation. Here are 10 facts you might not know about this beloved institution.
1. THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY USED TO BE LOCATED IN CENTRAL PARK
Bickmore’s vision of establishing a natural history museum in New York City was realized in 1869, when the governor signed off on the idea. (It also helped that he had the support of several influential people, including J.P. Morgan and Theodore Roosevelt, Sr., the father of the future president.) The first exhibit opened in the Central Park Arsenal in 1871, but the museum’s collection quickly outgrew the building. Three years later, the foundation of the museum’s first permanent building was built along West 77th Street.
2. THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY HAS BEEN SENDING RESEARCH EXPEDITIONS AROUND THE WORLD SINCE 1881
Each year, the museum organizes more than 100 research expeditions that visit destinations around the world. This globetrotting tradition dates back to the late 19th century, when Morris K. Jesup became president of the museum. During his tenure from 1880 to 1908, museum ambassadors explored the North Pole, Siberia, Outer Mongolia, Congo, and more.
3. THEODORE ROOSEVELT HUNTED ANIMALS ON THE MUSEUM’S BEHALF
If you head to the museum’s Akeley Hall of African Mammals, you’ll see a cluster of elephants. One of them was shot in 1909 by former President Theodore Roosevelt during a specimen-collecting trip to Africa, which was arranged by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.